The Complete Monitor Buying Guide – 2020

monitor specifications

Well, the monitor is the main and the most important part of your PC. Whatever CPU and GPU is processing, Everything is supposed to be displayed on the screen via a monitor. Therefore, It is very important to choose the perfect monitor for you from the wide range available in the market, whether you’re a gamer, designer or a home user who just want entertainment and browsing. We’ll go through all the specifications of the monitor like Panel Type, Screen Size, Resolution, Aspect Ratio, Viewing Angle, Response Time, Refresh rate etc. Let’s start without any further delay.

What you’ll find here about Monitor Specifications:

  • Resolution of Monitor [jump to]
  • Refresh Rate of Monitor [jump to]
  • Type of Panel – IPS, VA, TN [jump to]
  • Response Time of Monitor [jump to]
  • Aspect Ratio of Monitor [jump to]
  • G-Sync and FreeSync Technology [jump to]

First Task: Determine the usage

When going to buy a monitor, You must be sure what primary task your are going to perform. It can be Gaming, Graphics Designing, Movies, Photos and Video Editing, Reading the content on screen or Browsing the web. That matters a lot and will help you to choose the right monitor as per your task. We’ll talk about every specification of monitor and every factor, on the basis of your primary task.

Monitor Resolution – 4K, FHD, HD etc.

Resolution of the monitor is simply the count of horizontal and vertical number of pixels. As pixels are the small LED’s which light up to show the desired picture or frame. More the count of pixel, more sharp the image will be displayed and also, less blurred the image will be. In short, resolutions can also denoted by some remember-able letters like HD, Full HD, 4K etc, instead of the boring long numbers.

Screen Size

There screen size plays a major role. You may find it that 1080p Resolution is looking fine on a 19 Inch Monitor. But the same 1080p Resolution will make the image very blurred on a 32 Inches Screen.

Different Monitor Resolutions and their Denotion

5K Resolution5120 x 2880
4K Resolution (Monitor)3840 x 2160
4K Resolution (Cinema)4096 x 2160
UHD or Ultra HD Resolution3840 x 2160
2K, QHD, Quad HD or 1440p (Monitor)2560 x 1440
2K, QHD, Quad HD or 1440p (Cinema)2014 x 1080
WUXGA Resolution1920 x 1200
Full HD or 1080p Resolution1920 x 1080
HD or 720p Resolution1280 x 720

Refresh Rate of Monitor

monitir buying guide

Do you know, every Movie or video is made up of billions of single pictures called frames, which repeats very much faster that you feels it is really happening and there are no static images!

Refresh Rate of monitor is measured as how many times its screen can be refreshed. Also, every time a screen refreshes, it displays a new frame. More the frame rate, more frames a monitor can display in a second. The refresh rate is usually measured in Hz. Simply, a 60Hz monitor’s screen have a capability to refresh 60 Times in a Single second, which tends to show 60 Frames in one second. Monitors with a refresh rate of 240 Hz are available in market.

Which refresh rate is made for you?

If you are a professional gamer, you should go for high refresh rate like 144 Hz and so on. If you are a professional editor, or a home user, 60Hz monitor is sufficient for you.

Types of Panel in Monitors

It’s basically the type of LED/LCD Panel technology. Most of you can ignore it thinking it don’t plays an important role. But it does! Every monitor specifications depends on these panels. These are:

  • IPS Panel (In-Plane Switching)
  • TN Panel (Twisted Nematic)
  • VA Panel (Vertical Alignment)
monitor specifications

Which Panel is Perfect for you?

If you’re a professional gamer, you don’t have any choices and have to go for a TN Panel in order to have a good refresh rate and play games smoothly. On the other hand, TN panels will be the worst choice for Content Editors as it is very poor in terms of color reproduction and Viewing Angles. VA and IPS both are good for home usage and Video Photo Editors.

Response Time of Monitor

monitor buying guide

It is also one of the most important among monitor specifications. Response time of monitor basically describes how fast the monitor can jump from one color to another. Also, it basically describes how fast the monitor screen is to display the commands received from the Graphics unit. It’s measured in MilliSeconds (ms). The ideal refresh rate is below 10ms whereas some of the monitors are fast as 1ms as well.

If you’re a professional gamer, it matters a lot for you. You have to go for a TN Panel to have a good response time. If you’re a Professional or a Home user, you don’t need to worry about response time of monitor. Also, a 5ms response time will work very fine for you!

Aspect Ratio of Monitor

monitior specifications aspect ratio

Aspect ratio is basically the ratio of height and width of monitor. It matters a lot for every user. It differentiates the monitors to be Ultra Wide, or Wide, which have width, very much more than the height. Ideal monitor have the aspect ratio of 16:9.

A 1:1 monitor is a square shaped monitor, adopted for mainly traffic control centres. On the other hand, The modern ultra wide displays have a aspect ratio of 32:9 or 21:9.

The aspect ratio can be obtained from resolution as well. i.e. The popular 1920 x 1080 resolution is 16:9, on calculation.

G-Sync or FreeSync Monitors

These are the different technologies by NVidia and AMD. Both helps to reduce the image shuttering and tearing which switching from one frame to another so that the user cannot notice any lag while switching of one frame to another. It is very useful for you if you’re a gamer where the screen frames changes very rapidly with high resolution.

NVidia’s G Sync technology works with any GPU i.e. Nvidia or AMD whereas AMD’s FreeSync works only with AMD GPUs.


That’s all set for today. I hope i helped you to understand the monitor specifications and helped you choosing the right one for you. Stay tuned on techshala.in for more such content. Source.

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Some of the Good Monitors to be considered:

Author: Prateek

Technology Enthusiast, Computer Science Student

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